• Location : Ardabil Province, 38°14'55"N48°17'29"E
  • Criteria : Cultural: (i)(ii)(iv)
  • Year : 2010
  • Description : Sheikh Safi al-Din Khanegah and Shrine Ensemble is the tomb of Sheikh Safi-ad-din Ardabili located in Ardabil Iran. In 2010 it was registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Sheikh Safi an eminent leader of an Islamic Sufi order established by the Safavids was born in Ardabil where this complex is located. The Safavids valued the tomb mosque form and the tomb with its mausoleum and prayer hall is located at a right angle to the mosque. The buildings in the complex surround a small inner courtyard (31 by 16 meters). The complex is entered through a garden. The Mausoleum of Sheikh Safi in Ardabil was first built by his son Sheikh Sadr al-Din Musa, after Sheikh Safi’s death in 1334. It was constructed between the beginning of the 16th century and the end of the 18th century. The mausoleum a tall domed circular tower decorated with blue tile and about 17 meters in height beside it is the 17th-century Porcelain House preserving the sanctuary's ceremonial wares. Also part of the complex are many sections that have served a variety of functions over the past centuries including a library a mosque a school mausoleum a cistern a hospital, kitchens a bakery and some offices. It incorporates a route to reach the shrine of the sheikh divided into seven segments which mirror the seven stages of Sufi mysticism. Various parts of the mausoleum are separated by eight gates which represent the eight attitudes of Sufism. Several parts were gradually added to the main structure during the Safavid dynasty. A number of Safavid sheikhs and their harems and victims of the Safavids’ battles including the Battle of Chaldiran have been buried at the site.

Sheikh Safi al-din