Description : Shahre Sukhteh is an archaeological site of a sizable Bronze Age urban settlement associated with the Jiroft culture. It is located in Sistan and Baluchistan Province the southeastern part of Iran on the bank of the Helmand River. In July 2014 it was placed on the World Heritage List of UNESCO. The reasons for the unexpected rise and fall of Shahre Sukhteh are still wrapped in mystery. Artifacts recovered from the city demonstrate a peculiar incongruity with nearby civilizations of the time and it has been speculated that Shahre Sukhteh might ultimately provide concrete evidence of a civilization east of prehistoric Persia that was independent of ancient Mesopotamia. Covering an area of 151 hectares, Shahre Sukhteh was one of the world’s largest cities at the dawn of the urban era. In the western part of the site is a vast graveyard, measuring 25 hectares. It contains between 25,000 to 40,000 ancient graves. The settlement appeared around 3200 BC. The city had four stages of civilization and was burnt down three times before being abandoned in 1800 BC. This site was discovered and investigated by Aurel Stein in the early 1900s. Beginning in 1967, the site was excavated by the Istituto Italiano per l'Africa e l'Oriente team led by Maurizio Tosi. That work continued until 1978. After a gap work at the site was resumed by the Iranian Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization team led by Mr. Sajjadi. New discoveries are reported from time to time.