• Location : Pars, 30°11'38"N53°10'2"E
  • Criteria : Cultural: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
  • Year : 2004
  • Description : Pasargadae capital of the Achaemenid Empire built by Cyrus the Great (559–530 BC) and also the location of his tomb was a city in ancient Persia located near the city of Shiraz is today an archaeological site and one of Iran's UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Cyrus the Great began building his capital in 546 BC, it was unfinished when he died in battle in 530 or 529 BC. The remains of the tomb of Cyrus' son and successor Cambyses II, have been found in Pasargadae near the fortress of Tall-e Takht, and identified in 2006.
    Pasargadae remained the Persian capital until Cambyses II moved it to Susa later. Darius founded another in Persepolis. The archaeological site covers 1.6 square kilometers and includes a structure commonly believed to be the mausoleum of Cyrus the fortress of Tall-e Takht sitting on top of a nearby hill and the remains of two royal palaces and gardens. Pasargadae Persian Garden provide the earliest known example of the Persian Garden or fourfold garden design. Recent research on Pasargadae’s structural engineering has shown that Achaemenid engineers built the city to withstand a severe earthquake.